We have a big, bold agenda before us – now we must work to make it real in people’s lives.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

how to transform the world

goals of sustainable development

There are 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets in the document “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, which was formally adopted by the United Nations on September 25, 2015.

The SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) are not legally binding, meaning that it is up to each country to implement the objectives and targets set out in the document. Each nation maintains “full permanent sovereignty over all its wealth, natural resources and economic activity”. However, countries have been involved in the process of creating this document over a period of three years. Having been accepted by all, the document therefore applicable to all nations, taking into account national circumstances of each country.


The document makes it clear that implementation of the goals is a task for everyone – governments, civil society, the private sector and the UN – in what is called the “Global Partnership”. In fact, objective 17 is very clear on this matter: “Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development”.


The eradication of poverty is at the heart of the Agenda, but always linked to economic prosperity and well-being, social development and protection of the environment. It is a universal, transformative and integrated agenda that aims to be a global turning point and foresees the use of € 3.1 billion per year by 2030.

There are many issues where member states believe that sustainable development can be built upon, but inequality, unsustainable consumption and production patterns, inadequate infrastructure, a lack of decent jobs and climate change are at the top of the list. Member States underline the importance of moving beyond “business as usual” by focusing on international cooperation and global and multi-stakeholder partnerships, as well as the further development of capacity building and statistical tools to measure sustainable development.

The Agenda for Sustainable Development insists on the 5 P’s (people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership) and includes the following objectives: